Bleeding gums are the most common symptoms of gum disease. They not only indicate oral and dental disease but could also point to critical medical conditions. If left untreated, it can affect the overall physical health of a person, along with the loss of teeth.
There are two main types of gum diseases, gingivitis, and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums. It is mild and mostly appears because of a buildup of plaque along your gum line. Routine gum cleaning with proper home care is usually sufficient.
If gingivitis is left untreated, it may lead to periodontitis, the most advanced gum disease. In periodontitis, the infection affects the jaw and tissues connecting the teeth to the gums and the gums themselves. Tooth or teeth loss is a grave loss in this stage. Many factors increase the risk of periodontal disease. When a routine cleaning (prophylaxis) is no longer enough to curb the presence of periodontal disease, we suggest a deep cleaning instead of a professional that is. It includes scaling and root planing. Besides untreated periodontal disease has been linked to stroke, low weight babies, preterm delivery, prostate cancer, respiratory disease, etc., including chronic kidney disease, Alzheimer’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and certain types of cancer.
With careful professional assessment and care, it is likely to stop the progress of periodontitis. The solution for a successful hindrance is to block off the bacterial plaque buildup that triggers the disease process. The steps include several treatment options that would be offered by your dentist. Some of which include:
Regular Cleaning Treatment:
Prophylaxis cleaning is a preventative dental cleaning with scaling and polishing techniques to remove plaque, calculus, and stains. It is an essential dental treatment for interrupting the progression of gum disease. At Prime dentistry, we suggest a regular cleaning appointment every six months. If you have a gum infection, we recommend it every three months.
General benefits of regular cleaning are:
1. Tartar Removal: Tartar and plaque buildup can lead to periodontal problems that brushing and home care flossing techniques can’t solve. The experienced eye of a dentist with prophylaxis equipment removes debris, bacteria, and deposits from gum pockets.
2. Aesthetics: Prophylaxis helps clean yellow and stained teeth to achieve a brighter confident smile.
3. Fresher breath: Bad breath is generally due to food particles stuck between teeth, below the gum line, possible pus discharge from gum in the case of periodontal disease. Prophylaxis deep cleans the gums and teeth, giving you a fresher breath.
Scaling and Root Planing (Adult Deep cleaning):
Scaling and root planing is also known as a deep dental cleaning. Deep cleaning is for patients with severe periodontal or gum diseases. It includes enhanced cleaning than a standard dental cleaning.
A scaling process uses an ultrasonic scaling device or manual instruments to remove plaque and tartar. It may include an antimicrobial agent placed into the gum pockets to treat and reduce bacteria.
A root planning process smoothens the roots to reduce gum tissue inflammation, so they can securely reattach to the teeth. A correctly planed root surface helps get rid of bacteria, tartar, and plaque enabling gums to heal.
Antibiotic treatment (Arestin):
After an inceptive periodontal cleaning, our dentists carry out antibiotic therapy that includes the application of an antibiotic directly to the gums called Arestin. The FDA approved topical bioresorbable gel slowly disseminates throughout the gums right from the source of the gum infection that kills all the remaining bacteria. It helps reduce the size of the periodontal pockets for days and weeks after the initial treatment.
Remember, you must do your part. After your antibiotic therapy, regular twice a day brushing and flossing is a must for any dental treatment to work effectively. Arestin with scaling and root planing is a potent choice for dentists as compared to scaling and root planing alone.